DISCLOSURE > Glossary & Measurements

  • Global Reporting Initiative G4 Guidelines on Sustainability Reporting

    G4 is the latest generation of ESG reporting guidelines and performance indicators released by the Global Reporting Initiative. … more

  • Carbon Disclosure Project’s (CDP) Water Disclosure

    Following the success of the Carbon Disclosure Project, in 2010, 302 global companies were sent information requests regarding  water-related risks and opportunities so institutional investors can better understand the financial risks that water-related issues pose to their investment portfolios. In … … more

  • CEO Water Mandate

    The CEO Water Mandate is working to map the tools and methods available, to minimize duplication of efforts and promote coordination among the various initiatives that have developed the methodologies Launched in 2007, the CEO Water Mandate is a public-private … … more

  • Coalition of Environmentally Responsible Economies (CERES)

    In collaboration with UBS and Bloomberg, CERES released “Murky Waters? Corporate Reporting on Water Risk” in 2009. The water disclosure practices of 100 publicly-traded companies eight key sectors were ranked in terms of their exposure to water-related risks. The aim … … more

  • International Integrated Reporting Committee (IIRC)

    Established in 2010 by the Prince’s Accounting for Sustainability Project (A4S) and the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI), IIRC aims to develop a new internationally accepted approach to reporting. The idea is to show how financial, environmental, social and governance aspects … … more

  • Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)

    In 2010 the Commission issued Guidance Regarding Disclosure Related to Climate Change … find out how this might impact global supply chains in SEC’s Climate Change Guidance could mean increased scrutiny of overseas supply chains.

  • Sustainable Stock Exchanges (SSE) Initiative

    This was established in 2009 by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), the UN-backed Principles for Responsible Investment (UNPRI) and the Global Compact. SSE aims at exploring how the world’s stock exchanges can work together with investors, … … more

  • United Nations Principles for Responsible Investment (UNPRI)

    Established its Emerging Market Disclosure Project (EMDP) in 2008, to assess and improve corporate. ESG reporting in emerging markets. EMDP has produced several reports on disclosure and has created a sign-on statement for investors to declare their support for emerging … … more

  • Water Brief for Business – The S.E.E. Change Initiative

    Business Roundtable’s S.E.E. (Society, Environment and Economy) Change is “actively pursuing business strategies that combine traditional corporate goals of higher profit with lower cost, along with a strong commitment to environmental stewardship and social improvement.” For more information click here.

  • Global Reporting Initiatives – Reporting Guidelines

    The Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) is a network-based organisation that aims to mainstream a firm’s disclosure on environmental, social and governance performance. The GRI produce Sustainability Reporting Guidelines in an effort to fulfill these goals. The Guidelines consist of Principles … … more

  • Maximum Allowable Discharge Concentrations for Heavy Metals in China

    Click on the link below for a list of heavy metals and their maximum allowable discharge concentrations according to the People’s Republic of China’s national standards, as well as information from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency on the potential effects … … more

  • Maximum Allowable Discharge Concentrations for Other Pollutants in China

    Click on the link below for a list of other pollutants (non-heavy metal), their application and maximum allowable discharge concentrations according to the People’s Republic of China’s national standards, as well as information from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency on … … more

  • Municipal Water Quality Parameters

    Click on the link below for an overview of the national standards used to measure the quality of municipal water in China including microbiological, toxicological, sensory and general chemical parameters as well as radioactivity: Municipal Water Quality Parameters

  • Measuring Water Resources – FAO Definitions

    Renewable and non-renewable water resources In computing water resources on a country basis, a distinction is to be made between renewable and non-renewable water resources. Renewable water resources are computed on the basis of the water cycle.  They represent the … … more

  • Water Footprinting

    The water footprint (as defined by the Water Footprint Network) is an indicator of freshwater use that looks at both direct and indirect water use of a consumer or producer. The water footprint of an individual, community or business is … … more

  • Virtual Water

    What is Virtual Water? The virtual-water content of a product is the freshwater “embodied” in the product, not in real sense, but in virtual sense. It refers to the volume of water consumed or polluted for producing the product, measured … … more