GLOSSARY & MEASUREMENTS > Water Measurements

Global Reporting Initiatives – Reporting Guidelines

The Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) is a network-based organisation that aims to mainstream a firm’s disclosure on environmental, social and governance performance. The GRI produce Sustainability Reporting Guidelines in an effort to fulfill these goals. The Guidelines consist of Principles … … more


Water Poverty Mark

According to major International Organisations including UNEP, UNDP, World Bank and the World Resources Institute, when the renewable water resources drop below 1,000m3 per person per year, nations are considered water scarce, which means that the lack of water becomes … … more


Measuring Water Resources – FAO Definitions

Renewable and non-renewable water resources In computing water resources on a country basis, a distinction is to be made between renewable and non-renewable water resources. Renewable water resources are computed on the basis of the water cycle.  They represent the … … more


Water Footprinting

The water footprint (as defined by the Water Footprint Network) is an indicator of freshwater use that looks at both direct and indirect water use of a consumer or producer. The water footprint of an individual, community or business is … … more


Virtual Water

What is Virtual Water? The virtual-water content of a product is the freshwater “embodied” in the product, not in real sense, but in virtual sense. It refers to the volume of water consumed or polluted for producing the product, measured … … more