GLOSSARY & MEASUREMENTS > Water Technologies

Desalination

Two main technologies are applied nowadays in desalination projects: I. Membrane Technologies (60%) Reverse osmosis is a process used to purify concentrated solutions of dissolved minerals and salts and is used in desalination plants. Reverse osmosis involves forcing water through … … more


Drinking Water Preparation

Main stages in drinking water production: Water withdrawn from the natural environment will follow these three main processes to become suitable for drinking: 1. Settling: Coarse and fine screening. The water is filtered first through a screen to catch the … … more


Demineralisation Water Preparation

Demineralisation is the process of removing mineral contents in water. Water naturally contains dissolved mineral salts, these salts when present in the boiler water can either cause corrosion or scaling in the piping systems. Furthermore, many industrial processes (such as … … more


Pure and Ultra Pure Water Systems

When Pure and Ultra Pure Water are used by different types of industries such like wafer plants, solar panel plants and pharmaceutical manufacturers, the quality required may be different according to its application. Nomura Micro Science Co., one of the … … more


Chemical Treatment of Cooling Water

The two objectives of proper cooling water system management are: 1. To extend the equipment life by avoiding corrosion or scaling of the metal surfaces in the cooling tower 2. To maintain efficient heat transfer for a proper use of … … more


Industrial Waste Water Treatment – Phase 1

The industrial waste water treatment is separated into 3 main phases, each phase being more or less advanced and complex depending on the nature of the effluent to be treated and the discharge standard in force. Phase 1 is the … … more


Industrial Waste Water Treatment – Phase 2

The industrial waste water treatment is separated into 3 main phases, each phase being more or less advanced and complex depending on the nature of the effluent to be treated and the discharge standard in force. Phase 2 is the … … more


Industrial Waste Water Treatment – Phase 3

The industrial waste water treatment is separated into 3 main phases, each phase being more or less advanced and complex depending on the nature of the effluent to be treated and the discharge standard in force. Phase 3: Sludge Dewatering … … more


Water Reuse and Zero Liquid Discharge

Definition of Recycled Water by the WateReuse Association: “Recycled Water is the water that is used more than one time before it passes back into the natural water cycle. Wastewater that has been treated to a level that allows for … … more