RESEARCH & REPORTS > Water Footprinting

Please see Glossary & Measurements for a list of water measurement, water disclosure, water risk management tools and more.

Source: WRI, 2018

Source: IEEFA, 2018

Source: D.Vanham, B.M.Gawlik, G.Bidoglio, 2017

Source: Ellen MacArthur Foundation, 2017

Source: IWA, 2017

Source: , 2017

Source: CERES, 2017

Source: Arjen Hoekstra, 2017

Source: , 2017

Source: , 2017

Source: World Resources Institute, 2016

Source: Zhuo, Mekonnen, Hoekstra, 2016

Source: World Resource Institute, partnered with China Water Risk & the Ningxia Development Research Center, 2015

Source: , 2015

Source: La Zhuoa,∗ , Mesfin M. Mekonnena , Arjen Y. Hoekstraa , Yoshihide Wada, 2015

Source: ISO International Standard, 2014

Source: Kuishuang Feng, Klaus Hubacek, Stephan Pfister, Yang Yu & Laixiang Sun , 2014

Source: Kuishuang Feng, Klaus Hubacek, Stephan Pfister, Yang Yu and Laixiang Sun , 2014

Source: HSBC Global Research based on CWR research & findings, 2014

Source: Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations, 2013

Source: Digital Power Group, 2013

Source: Water Footprint Network, C&A, 2013

Source: Water Footprint Network, C&A, 2013

Source: World Busines Council for Sustainable Development, 2013

Source: IPE, 2012

Source: IPE, 2012

Source: Wada, Y. et al., 2012

Source: Green Watershed, 2012

Source: Greenpeace, 2012

Source: Arjen Y. Hoekstra, Mesfin M. Mekonnen, Ashok K. Chapagain, Ruth E. Math/PLoS ONEews, Brian D. Richter, 2012

Source: Hoekstra, Mekonnen, 2012

Source: A.E. Ercin M.M. Aldaya A.Y. Hoekstra/UNESCO, 2012

Source: Mesfin M. Mekonnen and Arjen Y. Hoekstra, 2012

Source: Arjen Y. Hoekstra and Mesfin M. Mekonnen, 2011

Source: Cheng Liu, Carolien Kroezea, Arjen Y. Hoekstrac, Winnie Gerbens-Leenes/Ecological Indicators, 2011

Source: M.M. Mekonnen A.Y. Hoekstra/UNESCO, 2011

Source: Mekonnen, Hoekstra, 2011

Source: Arjen Hoekstra, 2010

Source: BSR, 2010


Source: Veolia Water, 2010

Source: CEO Water Mandate, 2010

Source: Water Footprint Network, 2009

Source: Winnie Gerbens-Leenes, Arjen Y. Hoekstra, and Theo H. van der Meer, 2009

Source: ALDAYA, M.M. and HOEKSTRA A.Y., 2009

Source: CEO Water Mandate, Pacific Institute and WWF, 2009

Source: McKinsey & Company, 2009

Source: The World's Water 2008-2009, 2008

Source: HOEKSTRA, A. Y. and CHAPAGAIN, A. K., 2005